Symptoms, Different Types and Diagnosis of Eczema


Many people often question their doctor what are eczema symptoms and signs in babies, children and adults? Eczema causes dry, reddened skin which itches or burns. The type of eczema can vary from person to person. Intense itching is the first symptom in most people who have eczema. Sometimes it may also lead to blisters. Eczema can cause dryness of the skin and also make it scaly. If you continue itching then your skin may become thicker.

Any part of the body can be affected in eczema. In children and adults, eczema occurs on the face, neck, and on the inner part of the elbows, knees, and ankles. In babies, eczema occurs on the forehead, cheeks, forearms, legs, scalp, and neck.

Many people would want to know what are the different types of eczema? Eczema can be of various types. Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema. The other types of eczema are contact eczema, seborrheic eczema, nummular eczema, neurodermatitis, stasis dermatitis, and dyshidrotic eczema.

Contact eczema causes redness, itching and burning in those skin areas which have come in contact with an allergen or with some irritant such as acid, cleaning agent or other chemical. Contact eczema can also be because of certain reactions to laundry detergents, soaps, cosmetics, fabrics, clothing and perfume. For those who have a history of allergies have an increased risk for developing contact eczema.

The exact cause of seborrheic eczema is unknown. The symptoms of seborrheic eczema are yellowish, oily, scaly patches of skin on the scalp, face, and other parts of the body. Emotional stress, an oily skin, shampooing the hair less, and weather conditions can raise a person’s risk of developing seborrheic eczema. Seborrheic eczema is also common in people with AIDS.

When a person develops coin shaped patches on the skin, doctors characterize this as nummular eczema. It appears on the arms, back, buttocks and lower legs. This type of eczema occurs very rarely in elderly men.

Women are more affected by neurodermatitis then men. In this condition the skin becomes thicker and leathery. Stasis dermatitis as well as dyshidrotic eczema occur very rarely in people. Their causes are unknown.

How is eczema diagnosed?

To diagnose eczema, doctors check the skin first, as well as they want to know the patient’s history with this condition. The doctor will ask certain questions like when did the skin rash’s appear, and are the rashes because of contact with certain materials or because of the environment. Diagnosing eczema is not simple, as it may have a similar appearance to other diseases of the skin. Sometimes, doctor will ask you to take a biopsy of your skin, so that he can be absolutely sure what your condition is.

If a doctor suspects that a patient has an atopic dermatitis then allergy tests need to be done. The doctor may also do a skin patch test to identify what exactly has caused the condition. A patient does not have to undergo any laboratory or blood tests to diagnose eczema.